This course surveys painting, sculpture and printmaking across Europe from ca. 1400 to ca. 1580. During this period, European culture was transformed by a series of technical innovations, new intellectual concepts and practices, and new attitudes towards the making of art and the nature of art objects. These have persistently been characterised as a Renaissance (French for ‘rebirth’) of European Civilisation. The period, and its most prominent artists, remain at the core of European and by extension Western cultural identity. We will explore Renaissance art across the continent of Europe; examine its technical and material practices; identify the principal stylistic and intellectual characteristics that defined it; consider its relation to broader social and historical developments; and critically examine the rich body of scholarship on this field. The artists we study may include Masaccio, Botticelli, Donatello, Mantegna, Leonardo, Raphael, Michelangelo, the Bellini, Titian, Jan van Eyck, Bosch, Grünewald, Dürer, Holbein and Brueghel the Elder.