Radical changes in the conception and definition of the sculptural object took place during the first half of the 20th century in Europe. Artists expanded the known sculptural repertoire by introducing new everyday materials and by inventing new sculpting styles. Traditional sculpting techniques were replaced by new avant-garde categories such as the Dadaist “readymade” and the Surrealist “found object.” At the same time, monumental figurative sculpture was used to promote the ideologies of totalitarian regimes in Germany, Italy, and Russia. Focusing on these different forms and functions of sculptural production, the course surveys early 20th-century European sculpture within its social, political, and philosophical contexts.
Assessment: 100% coursework.
Prerequisite: One 1000-level Fine Arts course